Summer starts today…but it doesn’t even feel like it

Summer begins with average temperatures, clouds and even rain

Today, June 20th, at 21:50 pm, the Summer Solstice occurs. This means that Summer begins today, in the Northern Hemisphere. But, judging by the weather, it doesn't seem like it.

According to the Portuguese Institute of the Sea and Atmosphere (IPMA), the forecast for today, in the Algarve, is cloudy skies, with some open skies. The maximum temperature will not exceed, in Faro, 26 degrees Celsius and will be lower in Barlavento (22ºC).

In fact, the weather forecast points to many clouds in the sky, from North to South of the country. In the districts of Évora, Portalegre, Castelo Branco, Guarda, Viseu, Bragança, Vila Real and Braça, it should even rain. Maximum temperatures will range between 18ºC, in Guarda, and 26ºC, in Faro, values ​​more appropriate for Spring, which also ends today.

Tomorrow, the first day of the summer season, the sun will shine across almost the entire continent, with temperatures reaching 30ºC in the Beja district and even in some places in the Algarve, such as Alcoutim.

Next week, although many clouds remain in the sky, the heat will rise, exceeding 35ºC in some districts, especially in the interior.


Dates of the two Solstices (Summer and Winter) and position of the Sun on these days – Image adapted from Stellarium


As for the Summer Solstice, which takes place today, this is the day on which the Sun rises to the left of the East cardinal point (around 32 degrees) and sets to the right of the West cardinal point (around 32 degrees) .

Therefore, it is also the day on which our star, as it passes south, at noon, will be highest in the sky, and spends the most time above the horizon of the entire year.

This is, therefore, the longest day of the year: in the city of Covilhã, for example, the sun rises at 06:01 am and sets at 21:03 pm, remaining 15 hours and 02 minutes above the horizon.

But this is not the hottest day of the year, because despite being the day on which our hemisphere receives the most energy from the Sun, due to the Earth's thermal inertia, temperatures continue to rise for a few more weeks.


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