Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels for energy use in the European Union (EU) decreased, in 2022, by 2,8% compared to 2021, with Portugal registering the second highest increase (9,9%) , according to Eurostat.
According to the EU statistical service, CO2 emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels (oil and petroleum products, natural gas, coal and peat) for energy use in the 27 reached almost 2,4 gigatonnes in 2022.
Last year, CO2 emissions fell in 17 Member States and increased in the other nine, with the biggest year-on-year declines being recorded in the Netherlands (-12,8%), Luxembourg (-12%), Belgium (-9,7 .8,6%) and Hungary (-XNUMX%).
At the opposite extreme, Bulgaria had the highest increase in emissions (12%), followed by Portugal (9,9%) and Malta (4,1%).
CO2 emissions from energy use are a major contributor to global warming and account for around 75% of all man-made greenhouse gas emissions in the EU.
Fuel mix, housing standards, economic growth, population size and industrial and transport activities are some of the factors that influence CO2 emissions from energy use.