The Minister of Education defended today that the new teacher management and recruitment regime represents a "structural reform" that will improve teachers' working conditions, also combating precariousness.
The decree-law was approved on Thursday in the Council of Ministers and, at a press conference on the new regime, João Costa explained that the diploma essentially maintains what had been presented to the unions last week.
Considering that it is a «structural reform», the minister again defended the changes, considering that the decree-law defines «concrete measures whose main objectives are to improve the working conditions of teachers, their stabilization, salary appreciation of teachers", in addition to contributing to "combating and reducing, strongly, the precariousness historically associated with this profession".
The revision of the recruitment regime was under negotiation with the sector's union organizations for more than five months, a process that ended without an agreement.
Even so, and after being approved by the Council of Ministers, the diploma should be enacted soon and the changes are starting to apply in the next tenders.
Later this year, more than 10.500 teachers will be hired, equivalent to 50% of those hired, according to João Costa, and a dynamic linking mechanism will be created, so that teachers are integrated into the Ministry of Education staff as they meet the requirements .
«This is an alteration that stems from the Council of Ministers, in view of what had been presented to the trade union organizations. The conditions for dynamic binding cease to be a transitory provision to be in the body of the decree-law, thus becoming part of the regime», explained the minister.
As it stands, the diploma approved on Thursday introduces other detailed changes to the final proposal presented, such as the elimination of one of the criteria for the salary progression of contracted teachers, namely the non-refusal of timetables, and the introduction in the decree-law of issues associated with travel between schools, which were expected to be included in an autonomous dispatch.
In 2024, and as had already been announced, 20 vacancies will be opened on school staff, in a competition to which all linked teachers can compete, in order to fix 90% of linked teachers on school staff, keeping only 10% in pedagogical zone board, to meet temporary needs.
The measure makes it possible to reverse the current trend, in which the majority of teachers (80%) are in pedagogical zones, but the link is not mandatory, clarified João Costa.
According to the Minister of Education, work is under way, in collaboration with a team from the School of Business and Economics at Universidade Nova de Lisboa, to define the allocation of places in each school, based on other criteria in addition to the number of subjects and students.